"Go away and draw your pumpkins. You know nothing about these [architectural] matters." − Apollodorus of Damascus , a famous architecture of the 2nd century, insulting Hadrian's design for Villa Adriana. Apollodorus was put to death once Hadrian became Emperor.
Only 16km from Rome and easily accessible by bus, the hillside town of Tivoli is home to the awe-inspiring Villa Adriana. Covering more than 18 square kilometers and situated among 30 buildings, Villa Adriana (or Hadrian's Villa) is an archetypal display of Roman luxury. As the World Heritage Centre proclaims, "The Villa Adriana is a masterpiece that uniquely brings together the highest expressions of the material cultures of the ancient Mediterranean world," the villa is an absolute must-see excursion while you are visiting Rome. Our tour guide will share the story behind its origins, the inspiration behind its design and its massive influence on modern architecture. Where were the servants' quarters at Villa Adriana?
A UNESCO World Heritage site, the Villa Adriana is magnificent not only its physical opulence but also provides an illustrious understanding of Emperor Hadrian's motivations, the villa itself, and the history of Rome. The grounds of the Imperial Palace covered an area of 120 hectares (300 acres) upon completion and were filled with full-scale reproductions of the emperor's favorite buildings from Greece and Egypt. His visits throughout these ancient cities inspired the finest architecture of the Roman world. Over the course of 15 years, the palace, bathhouses, a theatre, basilica, libraries, statues, pools, and plenty of room for staff and guests were built. Along our tour, we will earn why Hadrian constructed his residence while in Tivoli and discover the cause of riotous turbulence at the time of the emperor's succession. You will have the chance to experience Hadrian's masterpiece that masterfully brings together various cultures of the Mediterranean world.